Many parts of India are expected to see a hot summer after the Indian Department of Environment (IMD) predicted the first summer forecast in March-May on Monday. It said the daytime temperatures were likely to be above normal in the north, northeast, eastern, and western parts of India. However, people in the south of the Indian subcontinent are likely to experience lower temperatures.
The IMD said it would release its second summer forecast for April to June in April.
IMD Director General Mrutunjay Mohapatra said over the Indo-Gangetic plains – from Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, east of the UP, west of the UP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand to Odisha – temperatures are expected to be above normal at 0.5 degrees Celsius between March to May.
There is a possible forecast of higher temperatures in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Gujarat, the coast of Maharashtra, Goa and the coast of Andhra Pradesh.
During the coming tropical climate (March to May), above normal seasonal temperatures (almost above average temperatures in the northern, northwestern, and northeastern parts of India, a few fragments from the eastern and western parts of central India and a few coastal parts of central India in the north, “says the forecast.
There is a high probability of more than 75 percent of normal temperatures above Chhattisgarh and Odisha where mercury will be higher than normal.
He said in both provinces, the temperature was likely to be above 0.86 degrees Celsius and 0.66 degrees Celsius respectively.
There may be some relief in some parts of southern India.
“Below normal temperatures in the season it is likely to be more than most parts of the southern peninsula and central India,” says a summer forecast.
It said that in addition to the normal (night) temperatures of the season it was probably higher than most of northern India in the Himalayan foothills, northeastern India, the western part of central India and southern India’s peninsula.
The IMD added that moderate La Niña conditions prevail at lower temperatures in Pacific and Seas (SSTs) above the central and eastern Pacific Ocean.
Recent model forecasts indicate that La Niña conditions are likely to continue during the coming tropical climate (March to May), he added.
La Nina is associated with Pacific water cooling and El Nino is its anesthetic. This situation is affecting the climate of the Indian subcontinent.
The IMD last month said the lowest temperature recorded in the country in January was the warmest this month at 62 years. South India was particularly warm.
The moon was the warmest at 121 years, with 22.33 degrees Celsius in southern India, followed by 22.14 degrees Celsius in 1919 and 21.93 degrees Celsius in 2020 as the second and third warmest months.
Central India was also warm (14.82 degrees Celsius) 38 years ago after 1982 (14.92 degrees Celsius), while 1958 with 15.06 degrees Celsius was the warmest in 1901-2021.